At the time of surgery, patient can expect the following:
- Placement of an intravenous needle, commonly called an IV, in the arm for administration of fluids and medications for relaxation before the anesthesia.
- General anesthesia for sleep and prevention of discomfort or pain during the operation.
- Once asleep:
- Tube placement into the throat to assist breathing during surgery.
- IV catheter placement in the neck area, called a central line. This makes it easier to administer IV medications and fluids during and after the surgery. The nurses can also take blood out of this line.
- Shaving of abdomen and pubic area. This decreases skin bacteria which might cause infection.
- Catheter placement into the bladder.
- The new kidney is placed on either side of the lower abdomen. This location makes it easier to attach the kidney to a good blood supply and to the bladder. This placement also allows the kidney to be protected by the large hip bone behind it. The native kidneys will not be removed unless necessary.